U.S. Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross says the U.S. will collect tariffs on  $1.96 billion worth of aluminum sheet from 18 countries after determining the goods were unfairly dumped here, the broadest trade enforcement action by the agency in more than two decades.

Collection of the duties on imports from nations including Germany, Bahrain and Oman will go into effect immediately, even though the department’s determination was preliminary, Ross said. The U.S. International Trade Commission is expected to make a final determination in February 2021, he said.

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“This is the largest and most far-reaching case that our department has brought in more than 20 years,” Ross said Friday morning during an interview with FOX Business’ Maria Bartiromo.

Brazil, Croatia, Egypt, Greece, India, Indonesia, Italy, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Taiwan and Turkey were also affected.

The money that the U.S. is now moving to collect comes from cash deposits already put down by importers. If the commission rules next year that the countries weren’t unfairly dumping aluminum products, the cash deposits will be returned.

China is not on the list, Ross said, because the department already collects tariffs on Beijing’s aluminum products. That levy has pushed excess Chinese output into other markets, displacing production in those countries and leading their producers to flood the U.S. with goods priced low enough to undercut American manufacturers.

“It’s a very complicated matter,” Ross said, but “there’s a lot of illegal dumping in the U.S., and that’s what we’re clamping down on.”

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DUBLIN, Sept. 28, 2020 /PRNewswire/ — The “GCC Personal Luxury Goods Market: Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2020-2025” report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com’s offering.

The GCC personal luxury goods market grew at a CAGR of around 5% during 2014-2019

Personal luxury goods refer to the high-end and premium items, including apparel, watches, jewelry, cosmetics, bags, fashion accessories, etc. These branded products offer premium quality materials, superior craftsmanship, and high-value aesthetics. Most of the personal luxury goods are highly durable with extended warranty period, thereby being heavily priced. In the GCC region, rapid globalization along with the wide presence of international luxury brands is currently bolstering the market growth.

The rising consumer living standards supported by their increasing disposable income levels are augmenting the sales of personal luxury goods in the GCC region. Moreover, the high prevalence of western fashion trends coupled with the rising working women population is also catalyzing the product demand. The expanding tourism sector, particularly in Dubai and UAE, along with the relaxed trade barriers with several developed countries, is also driving the market growth.

For instance, the GCC member states signed the European Free Trade Agreement (EFTA), allowing the trade of personal luxury goods from countries like Italy and France. Besides this, the wide availability of personal luxury goods on online retail platforms is also propelling the market growth in the region. The growing number of celebrity endorsements and the high prevalence of social media marketing are also driving the demand of personnel luxury goods in the region.

Apart from this, the rising popularity of limited capsule collections and fashion drops have also fueled the market for secondhand luxury goods. Moreover, various personal luxury platforms are increasingly investing in authentication procedures and quality checks for providing a safe and