Big banks will kick off third-quarter earnings reports in earnest on Oct. 13, helping to set the tone for the broader U.S. stock market, as businesses cope with the eighth month of the pandemic.

The nation’s largest lenders are expected to reap the rewards of a rip-roaring market for initial public offerings anda record corporate borrowing spree during the pandemic.

See: Wall Street banks net $64 billion in fees in bumper year for M&A and IPOs

On the flip side, major banks also are expected to reflect the downside of the Federal Reserve’s protracted near-zero interest rate policy, as well as concerns about commercial real estate and other parts of the economy hard hit by the coronavirus pandemic.

“Clearly, the banks always start off earnings and everyone pays attention to that, given how sensitive they are to the economy,” said Aaron Clark, portfolio manager at GW&K Investment Management.

JP Morgan Chase & Co
JPM,
+0.94%

and Citigroup, Inc.
C,
+0.50%

are set to report their third-quarter results on Oct. 13, following a day later by Bank of America Corp.
BAC,
+0.45%
,
Goldman Sachs
GS,
+0.68%

and Wells Fargo & Co.
WFC,
+1.82%
.

But after putting meaty investment banking fees to one side, Clark sees plenty of headwinds for banks that reflect the broad challenges the economy faces in the coming months, including whether Congress provides another significant fiscal stimulus package to bolster U.S. households, businesses and cities.

“Unfortunately, that’s the key,” he told MarketWatch. “You’re basically trying to bridge-fund the economy until a vaccine comes along.”

President Donald Trump on Friday gave the Wall Street a stark reminder of what could be at stake due to the untamed pandemic, after he was taken to Walter Reed Medical Center in Bethesa, Md. out of an